Harvard's Famous Glass Flowers
me a rose in the winter time
When it’s hard to find
Bring me a rose in the
I’ve got roses on my mind.”
These words from an old Ernie Sheldon folk song capture the sentiment of
the season. If only we could have flowers all year ‘round. Well, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, we can.
long-stemmed irises are perfect—just the right shade of periwinkle blue with
gracefully arched fleur-de-lis petals. Nearby, delicate fringe of a
bachelor button lightly supports a butterfly, while a ring of orange petals
surrounds the velvet brown center of a cone plant, commonly called “black-eyed Susan.” No, I’m not admiring an outdoor garden as I
write this, but at Harvard University’s Museum of Natural History, which is
open to the public all year. The best part of this flower show is that its
profusion of color perpetually blooms.
If you go, you’ll see blossoms and buds that look so real, you won’t
believe the sign telling you they are glass! Each petal, pistil, stamen and
leaf has been superbly handcrafted by a pair of exceptionally skilled artisans.
you’ve probably noticed that glass has becoming the darling of the art world,
with museums and galleries highlighting the relatively recent popularity of
this “new” medium. However, Harvard’s celebrated Glass Flowers, (officially the
Ware Collection of Blaschka Glass Models of Plants) have been on display since
chemical and physical properties are so unique that, paradoxically, glass is
simultaneously fragile and enduring. The malleability of molten glass combined
with the tensile strength of cooled glass make it perfect for both science and
The father-and-son team of Leopold
and Rudolph Blaschka created more than 4,000 scientific replicas (847 plant
species) between 1886 and 1936. Models were crafted to provide scientifically
accurate reproductions for research and teaching purposes and also to supply
the intellectually curious of the time with samples for collecting. In the process, exquisitely beautiful and
intricate art forms were produced that articulated the contours of the
botanical world and captured the luminosity of nature.
Since the 15th century, the Blaschka
family had been glassmakers in Bohemia, where they experimented to create just
the right, desired effects, staining the glass to vary translucency, working
different melting temperatures to intensify colors, and ultimately
manufacturing their own glass.
"Many people think that we have
some secret apparatus by which we can squeeze glass suddenly into these forms,
but it is not so," explained Leopold Blaschka to 19th century
observers. Actually, the Blaschkas worked for several months producing
like-patterned petals and leaves of related species, and carefully storing them
in drawers according to genus. For the next three months, they assembled the
pieces. Incredibly, at the height of their activity in the late 1890s, often
working 14 hours a day, they sent as many as 100 sets of models per year to
Harvard, each set comprising five to ten pieces.
doubt, they observed nature meticulously. However, that authenticity is not
only adroitly achieved but also gracefully presented and inherently artistic.
Every one of the individual specimens with its elegant composition and
aesthetic appeal can stand alone as a superb glass sculpture.
You really must see these
near-magical masterpieces. Approximately 200,000 visitors annually view the
famous Glass Flowers that have been on display for more than a 100 years. I’m
sure, like me, you’ll love viewing them in any season, but I suggest you visit
during the winter for as the song says,
“A rose is sweet most anytime and yet
Bring me a rose in the wintertime
How quickly we forget.”
Photo credit: copyright: President & Fellows, Harvard College
Photos courtesy of Harvard Museum of Natural History